CHIRAG KASBEKAR



Research

Presentations

Teaching

Education

Awards and grants

Patents

Industry experience



IN THE AETHER: Photography



Goizueta Business School
Emory University
1300 Clifton Road NE
Atlanta GA 30322

Email: ckasbek@emory.edu
Phone: +1-678-637-7333
Fax: +1-404-727-6633
www.chiragkasbekar.net
Twitter: @chiragkasbekar




Research

My work comprises three streams of research on the spatial and temporal evolution of organizational forms and industries that focus on the following issues, respectively: (1) how organizations and industries are distributed over geographic space and how this affects the behaviour and performance of individual organizations; (2) how organizational forms  and industries evolve over time and how this evolution has an impact on individual organizations; and (3) how the spatial diffusion of organizational forms and industries influences their temporal evolution and vice versa.






Geographic Concentration and the Local History of Industrial Organization: Postbellum Firearms Firms in the Southern United States


(A version of this paper has received the BPS Distinguished Student Paper Award at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2013)

Abstract: This paper argues that the impact of the geographic concentration of an industry on individual organizations at any time is determined not only by a region’s current form of industrial organization but also by its historical forms. To test this, I examine the population of firearms firms in the US South between 1866 and 1914. Some firms operating in this period experienced the exogenous institutional shock of the Civil War, while others were founded in the post-War period. During the Civil War, the industry faced a centrally coordinated economy in which openness to technological transfer between organizations was privileged. In the post-War period the industry was market-oriented and rivalrous. I construct separate geographic concentration measures for these two groups of organizations and examine their impact on the survival of individual organizations. In support of my argument, the results of the analyses indicate that firearms firms that experienced the Civil War continued to offer positive externalities to proximate organizations even in the competitive post-War period, while post-War firms had a hazardous effect on co-located firms. I also find a convergence of the effects of the two groups of organizations, with concentrations of Civil War firms having a more hazardous impact over time. The results provide an illustration of the way in which changing institutional environments influence the evolution of local interorganizational relations.


Local Competition and Organizational Relocation: Geographic Concentration in the US Firearms Industry, 1790-1914


Abstract: The negative effects of location in an area of geographic concentration have been almost entirely attributed to the localized nature of competition. Though it is theoretically plausible that competition between organizations attenuates with distance, there is reason to believe that its localized impact has been overestimated because alternative explanations for the relationship between concentration and organizational mortality rates have been ignored. As a first step towards investigating this, I propose a ‘safety valve’ test. If it is local competition that is driving organizations to mortality, then we will see attempts to escape competition through relocation. Relocation allows me to study not only what pushes organizations out of a location but also what pulls them to another area. If the push analysis is consistent with local competition theory but the pull analysis is not, this would suggest that evidence previously interpreted as supporting the theory would need to account for other mechanisms. The results of the analysis indicate that while organizations are more likely to relocate if they are operating in dense areas, they are also more likely to choose a destination that is more concentrated than others. These results are robust to non-linear specifications. This suggests that competition is unlikely to be the main process driving relocation and mortality. To account for the discrepant results, I discuss mechanisms that might better explain the observed effects of geographic concentration on relocation and exit rates.


Geographic patterns of industry shakeout and regional histories of innovative activity: the US firearms industry, 1790-1914

Abstract:
I argue that studies examining the impact of geographic concentrations of organizations on innovation and survival need to account for the localization of the inter-temporal transfer of knowledge across organizations. It could be that regions with high contemporaneous density are also areas with a longer or richer history of innovative and successful organizations and thus have greater accumulated knowledge. Making use of a particular pattern of geographic evolution observed in the US firearms industry, this study attempts to examine the impact of geographic variation in historical experience on the survival and innovative performance of organizations during industry shakeout. It first studies whether organizations located in dense areas are more likely to be innovative and, therefore, more likely to survive during the shakeout. To account for the accumulation of knowledge, it then investigates whether greater concentration and innovation in an area during the shakeout was determined by the existence of innovative organizations in the past.



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Conference Presentations

“Reconsidering Local Competition: Organizational Relocation and Geographic Concentration in the US Firearms Industry, 1790-1914”
  • Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management (ANZAM) Conference, Perth, Australia, December 2012
  • Annual Meeting of the Southeastern Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (SE INFORMS), Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, USA, October, 2012
  • Consortium for Competitiveness and Cooperation (CCC), University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, 14-15 April 2012
  • Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Boston, Massachusetts, forthcoming August 2012
“Geographic Concentration, Competition and Organizational Mortality: Postbellum Firearms Firms in the Southern United States”
  • Academy of Management Annual Meeting, Lake Buena Vista (Orlando), August 2013
  • Australian and New Zealand Academy of Management (ANZAM) Conference, Perth, Australia, December 2012
“Going West: Relocation in the US Firearms Industry and the ‘American Frontier’, 1790-1920”, Academy of Management Annual Meeting, San Antonio, Texas, 2011




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Teaching Interests


Strategic management, organization theory, entrepreneurship, international business, innovation, organizational change

Teaching and Related Experience

Summer 2012: Teaching Associate, Evening MBA 634P: Strategic Management (Richard Makadok)
Spring 2012: Teaching Associate, MBA 635/BBA 435/MBA 635PG: Multinational Firms and Strategy (Giacomo Negro)
Fall 2011: Teaching Assistant, MBA 331: Strategic Management (Rodney Lacey)




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Education


2008-2013:
PhD, Organization and Management
Goizueta Business School, Emory University
Atlanta, GA, USA
(PhD dissertation successfully defended on 27 August 2013)

1999-2001:

Master of Arts, Economics
Department of Economics, University of Mumbai
Mumbai, India

1996-1999:   

Bachelor of Arts, Economics (with Honours) and Sociology
St. Xavier’s College
Mumbai, India



Training


Research:
2012: AOM Business Policy and Strategy Division Dissertation Consortium, Boston, MA, USA
2012: Summer Seminar on Large Sample Empirical Textual Analysis Research, three-day course taught by Prof. Feng Li (University of Michigan, USA)

2012: Consortium for Competitiveness and Cooperation (CCC) for Doctoral students
 
Teaching:
2013: In-class guidance on teaching of Entrepreneurship to MBA students by Charles Goetz
2011: Master Teaching Program, two-day course taught by Dr. Harvey Brightman, Emory University
2009: 3 day Teaching Assistant Training and Teaching Opportunity (TATTO) Workshop, Emory University
2009-2012: Teaching Assistant Training and Teaching Opportunity (TATTO) Program, Emory University



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Awards, Grants and Fellowships

2013: BPS Distinguished Student Paper Award at the Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2013
2012-2013: Goizueta Fellowship Award
2012: Laney Graduate School of Arts and Science Professional Development Grant
2012: Consortium for Competitiveness and Cooperation (CCC) for Doctoral students
2012: AOM Business Policy and Strategy Division Dissertation Consortium
2011: Laney Graduate School of Arts and Science Dissertation Grant
2010: Goizueta Foundation Fellowship

2010: Sheth Research Fellowship

2008-Present: Doctoral Fellowship, Goizueta Business School




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Patents

“Method and system for enhancing the relevance and usefulness of search results, such as those of web searches, through the application of user's judgment”, USPTO Applicaton number: 20100145927 - Class: 707710 (Awaiting USPTO decision)
 


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Industry Experience


1999-2008: Senior Manager, The Information Company Pvt. Ltd.
Responsibilities included general management, project management, web design and development, software design, writing and content development, editorial services, marketing. Clients included: the Tata Group, the Aditya Birla Group, Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Tata Motors, Mahindra and Mahindra, Godrej and ICICI. Software development projects included:
  • InformachineTM Business Intelligence and Knowledge Management System
  • Recruitment System for Tata AutoComp Systems Ltd (TACO)
2003-2008: Assistant Editor, domain-b.com, online business magazine

1999-2003:
Sub-Editor, domain-b.com, online business magazine
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